Monday, August 24, 2020
Presentation Subjectivity is the beginning stage of HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s articulation. His talks on style give the criticalness of workmanship inside his way of thinking while the German time of sentimentalism is being clarified and studied. Late scholars, for example, Theodor Adorno, Paul Guyer and Arthur Danto put together their perspectives with respect to style from HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view toward workmanship. We will compose a custom paper test on Style and social hypothesis or on the other hand any comparable theme just for you Request Now All help that Hegelian optimism was presented with a poor result of individual subjectivity. The optimistic savants contended that lone our still, small voice has genuine status and that the physical world is just a result of cognizance. The optimism (or utopianism) is firmly connected to the religion either straightforwardly or in a roundabout way and all ways of thinking dependent on this term are supporting the presence of an unrivaled force that can not be interlinked with humanÃ¢â¬â¢s ability. The best method of understanding the entire idea of vision is to concentrate straightforwardly the ancestor all things considered. Plato in his book, Ã¢â¬ËThe RepublicÃ¢â¬â¢, gives a purposeful anecdote (the Ã¢â¬ËcaveÃ¢â¬â¢) to speak to vision in itÃ¢â¬â¢s less difficult structure. He depicts men sitting in a dull cavern who are anchored so that they can glance in just a single area. Not many meters behind them, light comes out of a fire which throws their shadows towards a divider they can't see. Plato requests that we envision those men in that particular situation for as long as they can remember. Having no understanding of whatever else, these men comprehend what they have encountered before the truth is being spoken to them. The savant proceeds with his allegory and requests that we imagine that those detainees got unchained and confronted the presence of the fire and the shadows. They start to have a feeling of the earth they lived in. The purposeful anecdote closes, with Plato clarifying that those men in the cavern are us. As an outcome, we experience the world with our lone five detects, yet in actuality Ã¢â¬Ëour worldÃ¢â¬â¢ is made with pictures and three-dimensional shadows. He asserts that our psyche has totality flawlessness (Ã¢â¬Ëabsolute mi ndÃ¢â¬â¢). As we investigate sun and dismiss for ensuring our eyes, that is the means by which we turn around into the cavern, in our sheltered spot of sense recognition. Presently, current vision advances a subjective human movement and ascribes to a self-decided reality, for example, the Ã¢â¬Ëabsolute truthÃ¢â¬â¢ and imagination. Two German ongoing vision scholars, J. G. Fichte and Friedrich von Schelling, which went to a peak in an outright optimism of Hegel, began giving their clarification with a nullification of the dubious thing-in-itself. Be that as it may, Hegel planned a total structure of pondered workmanship and the world. Above all, he hold up that reality ought to be sensible, so that itÃ¢â¬â¢s inevitable structure will be appeared by our own contemplations. He didn't feel that emblematic, so by augmentation, reasonable craftsmanship, can outperform the high idea of old style Greek workmanship and its authentic/imitative capacities. This is on the grounds that, as he clarifies, since imageries, rely upon the information on man of the earth and society, and in light of the fact that, we can never have a deep understanding of the human mind, attempting to speak to it with imageries, is sufficiently not. Thus, imitative craftsmanship, which is the thing that old style Greek models, are of an a lot higher respect to Hegel, than representative workmanship. He portrays it as Ã¢â¬Ëthe sexy introduction of ideasÃ¢â¬â¢. It is in the correspondence of thoughts barring the association between our explanation and our tangible staff and is particular effective. Present day tasteful scholars turn as a matter of first importance to Kant, an eighteenth century German rationalist, and the authentic show of German sentimentalism to use the job of Ã¢â¬ËpessimisticÃ¢â¬â¢ craftsmanship. Hegelian view comes to help that craftsmanship accomplishes more than damage the non?aesthetic. Hence, current craftsmanship can ideal take in contemporary imaginative practices. The two scholars interface that craftsmanship is better than the outside world, both restricted to craving and happiness. Hegel gives his way of thinking on craftsmanship that is, in general, his principle philosophical framework. For us, to fathom his way of thinking of workmanship we should comprehend his way of thinking all in all. Comparative with AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, Hegel accepts that the examination of rationale could prompt a key arrangement of the real world. Accordingly, rationale is being portrayed as argumentative. Verse for Hegel appear not to have something physical as a model. In that manner, music as per him is the least profound type of workmanship. Then again, Kant expressed as a significant issue that a nonexclusive clarification of the world could prompt a contrary perception. In any case, Hegel clarified that those two thoughts could be incorporated by a transition to an alternate perspective. Therefore, our brain moves from theory, to direct opposite, to synthesis. This could be found ever, nature and social advancement. All the deduction comprises by the thought (pro position), which direct opposite is nature, while consolidating (blend) the two it shapes the soul. This could likewise be named as the Ã¢â¬ËabsoluteÃ¢â¬â¢ itself and is inspected in more detail in HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËPhenomenology of SpiritÃ¢â¬â¢ as a change from abstract to goal to the supreme soul. He is looking at the composed structures in mankind giving outright opportunity and self assurance to be basic. Those vitals standards incorporate the act of right, having a family and being a piece of a common society (state). The most created and adequate view of soul is accomplished by reasoning. It gives an applied comprehension of the idea of reason while it depicts why reason must appear as time, space, life, matter and hesitant soul. In Christianity, be that as it may, the strategy which the Ã¢â¬ËideaÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËreasonÃ¢â¬â¢ transforms into hesitant soul is represented with illustrations and pictures as the technique where God transforms into soul exists in people. This is the procedure we place our conviction and confidence rather our idea of comprehension. Hegel underpins that people can't live with simply the speculation of things yet in addition need to confide in reality. He declares that Ã¢â¬Ëis in religion that a country characterizes what is considers to b e trueÃ¢â¬â¢. As indicated by Hegel, craftsmanship is not quite the same as religion or reasoning and itÃ¢â¬â¢s design is the development of excellent items where tastefully satisfying sign is coming through. In this way, the principle focus of workmanship isn't imitate nature yet to offer us the chance to see pictures being made by non-materialistic opportunity. As such, craftsmanship exists to have Ã¢â¬ËartÃ¢â¬â¢ as well as for excellence. This association of opportunity and magnificence from Hegel demonstrates his commitment to two different scholars, Schiller and Kant. Kant goes further to examine that our comprehension of magnificence is a type of opportunity. He clarifies, by making a decision about an item or a bit of workmanship as excellent, we are discernmenting about a thing. By this we are pronouncing that the Ã¢â¬ËthingÃ¢â¬â¢ or item affects us, along these lines everybody will have a similar impact. This outcomes to a perception and vision in Ã¢â¬Ëfree playÃ¢â¬â¢ with one another, and it is this pleasure that originates from the Ã¢â¬Ëfree playÃ¢â¬â¢ that guides us to our judgment if something is decent or not. Schiller comes interestingly with Kant which clarifies magnificence as a having a place of the article itself. He stress that opportunity is free from our brain (Kant portrays as Ã¢â¬ËnoumenaÃ¢â¬â¢). Ã¢â¬ËFreedom in appearance, independence in appearance [Ã¢â¬ ¦] that the item shows up as free, not that it truly is soÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ Nonetheless, in HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s see on magnificence, is being portrayed as the total sign of opportunity. It very well may be seen or sound like a tactile articulation. Hegel moves above and beyond to clarify that magnificence can be made essentially yet as he calls a Ã¢â¬ËsensuousÃ¢â¬â¢ beautyÃ¢â¬â¢ it must be found through craftsmanship which can be delivered by individuals. For him, magnificence has balanced characteristics. It has components that are not sorted out in a system however are joined naturally. We were told, as he clarifies, that the Greek diagram is wonderful, on the grounds that the nose is impeccable under the temple while the Roman human profile has increasingly more keen edges between them. By the by, beautyÃ¢â¬â¢s significance isn't just the shape yet in addition the substance. Present day craftsmanship scholars can't help contradicting HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis of excellence and workmanship. They guarantee that workmanship can incorporate any substance. This substance is portrayed in religion as God, at that point a wonderful workmanship could be viewed as heavenly. In any case, Hegel demands that Godly workmanship is through a mankind structure as opportunity. He comprehends that bit of workmanship could comprises of nature, for example, plants or creatures yet he believes that craftsmanship is dependable to show the celestial structure, as referenced previously. Just a human can speak to reason and soul through hues and sounds. Workmanship, in HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, is allegorical. Not on the grounds that it generally comes to duplicate what is in nature, however the primary inspiration of craftsmanship is to convey and speak to what he clarified as a Ã¢â¬Ëfree spiritÃ¢â¬â¢. It can generally be accomplished all through people and pictures. Specific, craftsmanship exist to remind our brain that us, as people, have opportunity and do whatever it takes not to overlook reality inside ourselves. It is the main way the Ã¢â¬Ëfreedom of spiritÃ¢â¬â¢ could be seen in itÃ¢â¬â¢s easiest structure. The logical inconsistency with craftsmanship is that it joins truth all through romanticized pictures made by somebody. As referenced previously, as indicated by Hegel, this soul and magnificence could be found through old Greek models (Aeschylus, Praxiteles, Phidias and Sophocles). The German logician clarifies that are a great deal of things we can be named as Ã¢â¬ËartÃ¢â¬â¢, for example, the Greek figures menti
Posted by Gemma Steen at 9:14 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Rayleigh Ritz Method Computer Science Essay The given task is finished with the spirit motivation behind building up a serious information and comprehension of vibrational conduct and dynamic reaction of structures. The task means to apply exceptional techniques for auxiliary elements in aviation and aviation framework designing. Here we use Rayleigh-Ritz strategy and Finite Element technique to acquire the characteristic recurrence and mode state of the given cantilever shaft. 1. Rayleigh-Ritz Method Rayleigh-Ritz technique is an expansion of the Rayleigh strategy which was created by the Swiss mathematician and physicist Walter Ritz. Its one of the generally utilized strategy to figure progressively exact estimation of key recurrence, further it additionally offers approximations to the higher frequencies and mode shapes. In the Ritz technique the single shape work is supplanted by a progression of shape capacities increased by consistent coefficients, that is the single capacity of avoidance pick in Rayleigh strategy is thought to be an aggregate of a few capacities duplicated by steady coefficients. The coefficients esteems are altered by diminishing the recurrence as for every one of the coefficients, which bring about n logarithmic conditions in. The arrangement of these conditions will give the estimation of characteristic recurrence and mode states of the framework. It ought to be considered that the achievement of the technique is just conceivable inasmuch as the shape work taken fulfills the geometric limit states of the issue. The strategy ought to likewise be differentiable to the request for the subsidiaries of the conditions. Here the capacity can overlook discontinuities like shear because of concentrated masses that include third subordinates in shaft. The Rayleigh-Ritz technique is finished by expecting the redirection bend of the bar by The capacity are the expected removal works that fulfill geometrical limit conditions. For a cantilever bar the limit conditions are They are chosen to such an extent that it is conceivable to get a decent estimate to every one of the necessary regular modes by superposition. The amounts are summed up arranges speaking to commitments of each accepted capacities. For a bar partitioned into Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ ºn range astute stations the complete differential condition can be detail utilizing Lagrange condition as Putting as an answer , where the sufficiency of the dislodging is, is the recurrence and is the stage point. This arrangement of attributes conditions can be understood for n discrete estimations of . This condition can without much of a stretch be placed into a network structure for numerical figuring as For a shaft separated into n length shrewd station the mass and solidness terms can be detailed into networks as Where = framework of accepted modes = mass framework = framework of weighting coefficients = unbending nature network Thus we compose as The above condition is viewed as advantageous for calculation, yet has restrictions in the way of communicating the strain vitality. Given Data Length L=1.5 Modulus of Elasticity E=74 GPa Poissons Ratio P=0.33 Material thickness The profundity of the shaft tightens consistently from 0.3 at the fixed end to 0.1 at the free end. The expansiveness of the bar tightens consistently from 0.02 at the fixed end to 0.005 at the free end. The expected modes are given by the polynomial capacity: MATLAB Operation >> L=1.5 L = 1.5000 >>x=[0,0.15,0.3,0.45,0.6,0.75,0.9,1.05,1.2,1.35,1.5] x = 0 0.1500 0.3000 0.4500 0.6000 0.7500 0.9000 1.0500 1.2000 1.3500 1.5000 >> s=x/L s = 0 0.1000 0.2000 0.3000 0.4000 0.5000 0.6000 0.7000 0.8000 0.9000 1.0000 >> V1= 2*s.^2-(4/3)*s.^3+(1/3)*s.^4 V1 = 0 0.0187 0.0699 0.1467 0.2432 0.3542 0.4752 0.6027 0.7339 0.8667 1.0000 >> V2=(10/3)*s.^3-(10/3)*s.^4+s.^5 V2 = 0 0.0030 0.0217 0.0654 0.1382 0.2396 0.3658 0.5111 0.6690 0.8335 1.0000 >> V=[V1;V2] V = 0 0.0187 0.0699 0.1467 0.2432 0.3542 0.4752 0.6027 0.7339 0.8667 1.0000 0 0.0030 0.0217 0.0654 0.1382 0.2396 0.3658 0.5111 0.6690 0.8335 1.0000 >> dV1=(1/(L.^2))*(4-8*s+4*(s.^2)) dV1 = 1.7778 1.4400 1.1378 0.8711 0.6400 0.4444 0.2844 0.1600 0.0711 0.0178 0 >> dV2= (1/(L.^2))*(20*s-40*(s.^2)+20*(s.^3)) dV2 = 0 0.7200 1.1378 1.3067 1.2800 1.1111 0.8533 0.5600 0.2844 0.0800 0 >> dV=[dV1;dV2] dV = 1.7778 1.4400 1.1378 0.8711 0.6400 0.4444 0.2844 0.1600 0.0711 0.0178 0 0 .7200 1.1378 1.3067 1.2800 1.1111 0.8533 0.5600 0.2844 0.0800 0 Weighting framework can be figured utilizing Trapezoidal standard, Simpsons rule and Lagranges Interpolation equation. By Lagranges addition recipe in the event that the pillar is separated into 10 equivalent components with dispersing Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ ºd, at that point weighting network is registered as: MATLAB Operation >> d=0.15 d = 0.1500 >> W1=(d/3.7266)*[1,6.616,- 3.020,16.954,- 16.216,26.599,- 16.216,16.954, - 3.020, 6.616,1] W1 = 0.0403 0.2663 - 0.1216 0.6824 - 0.6527 1.0706 - 0.6527 0.6824 - 0.1216 0.2663 0.0403 >> W=diag(W1) W = 0.0403 0 0 0.2663 0 0 - 0.1216 0 0 0.6824 0 0 - 0.6527 0 0 1.0706 0 0 - 0.6527 0 0 0.6824 0 0 - 0.1216 0 0 0.2663 0 0 0.0403 Mass network is an askew framework speaking to the mass per unit length at the eleven range insightful stations. The network can be determined by Material thickness = 2700 The profundity of the shaft at a station with a separation x from the fixed end is given by Profundity So also the expansiveness of the shaft at a station with a separation x from the fixed end is given by Broadness MATLAB Operation >> h=0.3-(s*0.2) h = 0.3000 0.2800 0.2600 0.2400 0.2200 0.2000 0.1800 0.1600 0.1400 0.1200 0.1000 >> b=0.02-(s*0.015) b = 0.0200 0.0185 0.0170 0.0155 0.0140 0.0125 0.0110 0.0095 0.0080 0.0065 0.0050 >> m=2700*diag(b)*diag(h) m = 16.2000 0 0 13.9860 0 0 11.9340 0 0 10.0440 0 0 8.3160 0 0 6.7500 0 0 5.3460 0 0 4.1040 0 0 3.0240 0 0 2.1060 0 0 1.3500 The Second snapshot of zone of the pillar is given by MATLAB Operation >> I=diag(h)*(diag(b).^3)/12 I = 1.0e-006 * 0.2000 0 0 0.1477 0 0 0.1064 0 0 0.0745 0 0 0.0503 0 0 0.0326 0 0 0.0200 0 0 0.0114 0 0 0.0060 0 0 0.0027 0 0 0.0010 Unbending nature framework is the corner to corner lattice that gives the result of modulus of versatility and the second snapshot of territory of the bar about the nonpartisan hub. EI=74000000000*I EI = 1.0e+004 * 1.4800 0 0 1.0933 0 0 0.7877 0 0 0.5511 0 0 0.3723 0 0 0.2409 0 0 0.1477 0 0 0.0846 0 0 0.0442 0 0 0.0203 0 0 0.0077 Subbing in Rayleigh-Ritz condition: This gives Improving The above condition is a quadratic in , which can be settled = Result: The surmised estimations of the first and second common frequencies of the given pillar under flexural vibrations, by the utilization of Rayleigh-Ritz strategy, was seen as 2. Mode shapes Think about the condition Subbing the estimations of in the above condition and disentangling The section lattice that speaks to the mode shape at the eleven stations is gotten by putting, = 0.0578 Subbing the estimation of in the above condition and disentangling The section lattice that speaks to the mode shape at the eleven stations is gotten by putting, = 0.0693 3. Limited Element Method Limited Element Method (FEM) is viewed as one of the significant improvements in the static and elements examination of persistent frameworks. It gives a discrete estimation to vibration of consistent frameworks. The limited component technique can be created as an exceptional instance of the Rayleigh - Ritz strategy. The strategy was initially created for the static-stress examination of complex conveyed parameter structures. Presently a days FEM is generally applied to orders of warmth move, electro magnetics, liquid stream and vibrations. In limited component strategy the structure is separated into an enormous number of little however limited parts called components which are interconnected at focuses called hubs. For every component a dislodging capacity is accepted which fulfills the geometric limit condition with the goal that progression is accomplished between the components. The varieties in dislodging of every component( which can be direct, quadratic and so on.), are accepted over the length of the component. This technique permits the dislodging of any point in the component to be communicated as far as the uprooting toward the finish of the component. These relocations by limited component phrasing are called nodal factors. Not at all like Rayleigh-Ritz in limited component technique the worldwide facilitate is supplanted by a neighborhood organize where is the length of the component. The active and strain vitality of the component is acquired by coordinating along the components length, as far as the nodal factors. By superposing the energies contributed by the individual components into which the structure is separated, we can get the motor and strain vitality of the structure or framework as far as the nodal factors of the entire structure. The limited component strategy is essentially founded on variational standards. The technique is viewed as particularly adaptable and can be utilized to physical issues with subjective shapes, loads and bolster conditions. The limited component model has a nearby likeness to the real structure. Many general limited component code bundles have been composed throughout the years with easy to understand windows and menus (GUI) which take into consideration simple geometry arrangement, limit condition control and assessment/post handling of regular basic issues. The absolute most mainstream codes in the
Posted by Gemma Steen at 1:00 AM
Sunday, July 19, 2020
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Posted by Gemma Steen at 8:42 AM
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 368 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/13 Category Advertising Essay Did you like this example? Why did you choose to apply at UCF? I want to continue my education by attending a 4-year university. What better place to do that then the University of Central Florida. UCF is the 3rd largest University in the country- home to over 53,000 students. Choosing a large university is important to me as I feel it will provide me with not only a plethora of choices as far as degree programs but it will also give me the lifestyle I am looking for. UCF has over 400 registered student organizations, intramural sports, Greek life and student government. These extra activities will give me plenty of opportunity to meet new people and get involved. Another reason I applied to UCF is tradition. Ever since my family moved here from New York in 1995 I have witnessed firsthand the growth and transformation of UCF. Driving in the car down University Blvd with the gold and black banners hanging from the lampposts alerts you that you are entering the home of the Knights. From the alumni with their car flags to the students walking around the local malls in their UCF apparel, everyone is proud to be a Knight. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Why Did You Choose to Apply to Ucf?" essay for you Create order One of the biggest traditions at UCF is called the Spirit Splash. This is a tradition that takes place during homecoming week and is one of the only times during the year that students, alumni, teachers, local residents and even pets can wade in the reflection pond on campus. Events like these unite a large university and make it seem like we all share something together. Student life at UCF is diverse and vibrant. UCF offers a large variety of intercollegiate athletics that compete in the NCAA Division 1. It has added a brand new arena for concerts and shows, a brand new stadium for tailgating and support of the UCF Knights. UCF is located in east Orlando. Only 45 minutes to the beach, 25 minutes to downtown and 45 minutes to the theme parks- it is centrally located and encourages a lifestyle outside of campus. UCF seems to have everything I am looking for in a school. It offers an opportunity for an excellent education as well as encourages a full and thriving college lifestyle. Go Knights!
Posted by Gemma Steen at 8:32 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Jesse joined Alpha Phi Alpha in order to bond with like-minded individuals. Alpha Phi Alpha was the first Black Greek-letter intercollegiate fraternity in the United States founded on Cornell s campus in 1906 initially created as a Black men s literary and support group. The purpose of the organization is to foster strong bonds between men of African descent who faced racial prejudice. The organization combines social purpose with social action. Jesse wanted to be part of the brotherhood: I just had more relationships with African Americans at Cornell than I did with majority students...As far as my pledge interest, and subsequently being initiated by Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, a couple of my close friends were in the frat. They spoke good things of it, and I thought that it would be nice to join and be part of the brotherhood that was for us. Harriet found solace in pledging Delta Sigma Theta, a Black Greek-letter sorority dedicated to public service, which was founded in 1913. One of her really good friends, who was a Black Cuban, decided to pledge with her. She also sang in Pamoja-Ni Gospel choir. Harriet talks about the importance of community in an isolated environment: I think that Blacks who wind up going to Cornell, in part because we have this shared experience of being in an isolated environment. I think all of us grow, in part as a result of figuring out how to deal with whatever challenges come up, the social and cultural challenges, and I think thatShow MoreRelatedThe Dangers of Hazing in Higher Education1100 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestime to expand his horizons. During rush week he took the opportunity to pledge to a fraternity. Delta Zeta Pi promised brotherhood, a nice place to live, and many social opportunities. At first, everything seemed fine, then, when he least expected it the fraternity took a turn for the worst. All of a sudden he wasnt amongst Ã¢â¬Å"brothersÃ¢â¬ he was amongst people who wanted him to show his Ã¢â¬Å"devotionÃ¢â¬ to his fraternity through pain and embarrassment. When he signed up for Delta Zeta Pi he had no idea thatRead MoreEssay about Fraternities1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;A fratern ity, as defined by the The American Heritage Dictionary is quot;a chiefly social organization of male college students, usually designated by Greek letters.quot;(pg. 523) This definition, however, is very limited and leaves plenty of space for short sighted people to believe the stereotype conveyed by the popular media, where fraternity members are depicted as drunks who accomplish nothing either scholastically or socially. Unfortunately, both thisRead MoreFraternity684 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesFraternity means AÃ fraternityÃ (LatinÃ fraterÃ : brother) is aÃ brotherhood, although the term sometimes connotes a distinct or formal organization and sometimes aÃ secret society. A fraternity (orfraternal organization) is an organized society of men associated together in an environment of companionship and brotherhood dedicated to the intellectual, physical, moral, religious, and/or social development of its members. History of Fraternity There are known fraternal organizations which existedRead MoreFraternities in He Philippines1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStudy AÃ fraternityÃ is defined as a group of people united in a relationship, having some common interests, activity, and purpose. It is aÃ brotherhood, as the members usually say, of people at a college or university usually characterized by Greek letters. For members, fraternity means brotherhood, unity, friendship, trust and acceptance. It means meeting new people, sharing interests and accepting others as well. It helps in building confidence and character because they believe that a fraternity givesRead MoreEssay about Sigma Nu689 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesalternating views as I was introduced to Greek Fraternal Life. I had looked into Fraternities in the past, but never pursued any group due to uncertainty. Because I was ignorant about the Greek system prior to attending N.A.U., my curiosity, first semester, allowed me to get a better understanding of it. With more knowledge and comprehension I decided to further look into becoming a member of the Sigma Nu Fraternity. The process of becoming a member is much harder than people wouldRead MoreGreek Organizations And Hazing Rituals1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGreek Organizations and Hazing Rituals In the United States, fraternities and sororities have been using hazing rituals as part of their pledging processes. Death, injury, and suspensions have all been a result of this action. Greek life has been one of the most influential subjects in multiple universities today. Typically we see the positives of Greek Organizations in media and from universities, but the negative outcomes are typically left behind the curtain. In most cases, organizations haveRead MoreA Social Construction Of Fraternity Membership1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFraternity membership is associated with (heterosexual) masculinity in that fraternity members are believed to attract and date more women. However, Fraternity membership serves as a medium for building fraternal bonds of brotherhood between Black males, which creates a more Afro-centric masculinity (McGuire et al., 2014). Jackson (2012) defined brotherhood as Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëa social construction that creates feelings of togetherness and trust while defining a code for interactions among menÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ (p. 64) thatRead MoreThe President Of The Florida Chapter Of Delta Chi Here At The University Of Florida1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChi here at the University of Florida. In 1776, you all made a decision that would forever change the course of college history at the College of William and Mary and many other universities nationwide as you created the first American collegiate fraternity. I cannot express my gratitude for you as you all paved the way for the Greek system in a college and university setting. The Greek experience is one of a kind to all of its members, and it has helped produce some of the most successful people inRead MoreHazing Essay933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbrought to light due to the growing number in deaths and injuries due to hazing. Getting to develop a very close friendship with a group fraternity brothers on campus has made aw Through these friendships I have gotten to see how the relationship the brot hers have with their pledges is an adequate example of how hazing doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be an aspect in a fraternity. The topic of the benefits of hazing are spoken upon very little and the main focus people tend to lean toward when they hear the word hazingRead MoreEssay on The Value of Honor766 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat you should not have to question about anything when it comes to their actions. If you take a look at a fraternity there is a great sense of brotherhood and friendship there. There are some fraternities where at the snap of a finger brothers would jump through hoops for each other, but outside of that brotherhood it would be questioned before taking action on the matter. Brotherhood is a bond that can not be broken by anything, anyone, or anything itÃ¢â¬â¢s a bond that is held together by honor
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string(75) " This earned me a hug and a smile, and then she had to scurry off to work\." Unfortunately, Roman wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t entirely joking. Ã¢â¬Å"What are you doing?Ã¢â¬ I exclaimed when we got back to my apartment. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d flounced on my couch and promptly grabbed a remote. We will write a custom essay sample on Succubus Heat CHAPTER 26 or any similar topic only for you Order Now There was no sign of my car on the street, but if Seth had driven it back, Carter-transportation would have arrived much more quickly. Ã¢â¬Å"I have nowhere to go,Ã¢â¬ he said mildly. Aubrey strolled out from the bedroom and jumped up next to him. Ã¢â¬Å"You just got amnesty from an archdemon. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s unheard of for a nephilim. I thought you wanted to put down roots? Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t you go get a place in the suburbs? Work on your lawn?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No one wants to live there.Ã¢â¬ I raked my hand through my hair in exasperation and then immediately rearranged it. God, IÃ¢â¬â¢d missed shape-shifting. If I was going to be damned, I might as well enjoy the perks. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t stay here. This place isnÃ¢â¬â¢t big enough.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t mind the couch.Ã¢â¬ I prepped myself for a rant, but then someone knocked at the door. Part of me hoped it would be Seth, even though that was pretty impossible. There was no immortal signature, which meant my visitor was a human. Yes, IÃ¢â¬â¢d definitely missed my abilities, even if they had strings attached. I opened the door and found Maddie. Ã¢â¬Å"Hey,Ã¢â¬ she said cheerily. Ã¢â¬Å"Hey,Ã¢â¬ I said, not sure I matched her enthusiasm. Ã¢â¬Å"Come in.Ã¢â¬ She stepped through, then faltered when she saw Roman. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to interrupt-Ã¢â¬Å" Roman hopped up from the couch. Ã¢â¬Å"No, no. IÃ¢â¬â¢m just an old friend. Roman.Ã¢â¬ He extended his hand. She shifted some papers she was holding and shook his hand in return. Her smile returned. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m Maddie. Nice to meet you.Ã¢â¬ She turned to me. Ã¢â¬Å"You got a sec? I was on my way to work and wanted to show you something.Ã¢â¬ She handed the papers over to me. They were in-depth reports of the new condo over on Alki Beach. There were detailed price listings, as well as room-by-room photos of one unit in particular. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t finished yet. The floor was only a foundation, and the drywall wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t painted. Nonetheless, the pictures were clear and gave a good idea of the spacious layout. One picture showed a balcony that opened up to a breathtaking view of the water and the Seattle skyline beyond. It was nothing like what Seth and I had shared, but it was nice. Roman, peering over my shoulder, let out a low whistle. Ã¢â¬Å"Nice.Ã¢â¬ I elbowed him out of my personal space. Ã¢â¬Å"WhereÃ¢â¬â¢d you get these?Ã¢â¬ Maddie smiled. Ã¢â¬Å"You said you were busy, so I went over there myself and talked to the builder. This is the only one left, and they let me go through and take pictures.Ã¢â¬ I jerked my head up. Ã¢â¬Å"You took all these?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I knew how stressed you were and wanted to help. Look, keep going, and you can see all the options you can still get. There are the floor choices: maple, bamboo, cherryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I took a deep breath to steady myself. Maddie hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t just printed out info for me. After all that searching and fine-tuning, sheÃ¢â¬â¢d actually gone out of her way to assemble an entire dossier on this place, a place IÃ¢â¬â¢d just been acknowledging at random to make her feel better. Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve got a realtor on-site, but you can get your own too,Ã¢â¬ she continued. Ã¢â¬Å"Someone else was just looking at it, but the guy said if you were interested and put a bid in soon, heÃ¢â¬â¢d consider it along with the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Look,Ã¢â¬ piped in Roman. Ã¢â¬Å"Two bedrooms.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"MaddieÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I swallowed. Ã¢â¬Å"You shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have done this.Ã¢â¬ She gave me a quizzical look. Ã¢â¬Å"Why not?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was too much work.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Whatever. Besides, after all the stuff youÃ¢â¬â¢ve done for me? Georgina, this is nothing. Are you going to go talk to them? IÃ¢â¬â¢ll go with you if you want.Ã¢â¬ I sank down onto the couch, flipping through the pages without really comprehending them. IÃ¢â¬â¢d been angry when she and Seth hooked up. I had no right, however. She hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t known about our past. And if I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been so dead-set on keeping things secret, if she had known Seth and I had dated, I felt absolutely certain she would have never, ever gotten together with him. Because she was my friend. I felt a burning in my eyes and willed myself not to cry. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t entirely know what IÃ¢â¬â¢d done to deserve that kind of friendship. She was a good person. She believed the best in me-just as Seth did. In this dark phase, Seth had never given up on me. Both of them were so good, so kind. And at the end of the day, there really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t much of that among humans. Carter had said that if there were no other complications in the world, I would be the one Seth chose. But we did have complications. I still refused to hurt him because of sex, and that problem was now in full effect again. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d thrown himself into danger for me on the beach. There would always be danger with the life I led-danger for him, not me. I wanted him badly, wanted to reestablish what weÃ¢â¬â¢d had, but if I did, IÃ¢â¬â¢d only be subjecting him to more of this rollercoaster existence. IÃ¢â¬â¢d deny him a normal life, a normal love. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do that to him, no matter what he said about trying it again. Just because things donÃ¢â¬â¢t work out, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t other people you canÃ¢â¬â¢t love. Love is too big a thing for you to go without it in life. At least for humans it was. I wanted Seth and Maddie to have that. I wanted them to have the dream I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have. MaddieÃ¢â¬â¢s expression softened as she peered at me. Ã¢â¬Å"Why are you looking at me like that?Ã¢â¬ I swallowed and gave her smile. Ã¢â¬Å"Just still amazed you did all this.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Will you go take a look?Ã¢â¬ she asked excitedly. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah. I will.Ã¢â¬ This earned me a hug and a smile, and then she had to scurry off to work. I sat back down on the couch, papers still clutched in my hands. Roman sat down opposite me. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to end it, arenÃ¢â¬â¢t you?Ã¢â¬ His voice was surprisingly gentle. Ã¢â¬Å"With Mortensen?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah. I mean, I knew we would, but it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t hit me until just now. We were deluding ourselvesÃ¢â¬ ¦caught up by a temporary situation. They deserve to be with each other, and I shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have done what I did to her.Ã¢â¬ I sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Nyx tricked me with the dream. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t real.Ã¢â¬ Without thinking much about it, I rested my hand on my stomach. Even if thereÃ¢â¬â¢d been any chance of getting pregnant while in stasis, it was gone now. Ã¢â¬Å"It might be real for them, though.Ã¢â¬ Roman looked so pained, so sympathetic that it was hard to imagine he still wanted to kill me. Though I was pretty sure he did. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry you canÃ¢â¬â¢t have your man and your daughter. IÃ¢â¬â¢m even sorry you canÃ¢â¬â¢t have your cats.Ã¢â¬ I glanced over at where Aubrey slept, recalling the tortoiseshell cat from the dream. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, I think sheÃ¢â¬â¢s happier being an only child anyway.Ã¢â¬ Seth showed up later that evening. Roman was mercifully gone, off to buy groceries. No matter my protests, he seemed intent on staying with me. I thought about complaining to Jerome but was pretty sure my boss wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t appreciate such a petty concern right now. If he was still even my boss. I was taking no news as good news for now. Seth handed me my car keys as he walked in. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s out behind the building.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Thanks.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry I took off like that. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want toÃ¢â¬ ¦God, that was so hard.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was what I wanted,Ã¢â¬ I told him. We stood a couple feet apart, hesitant to get much closer. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m glad you listened to me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to, you know. As soon as I got off the phone with that demon-and let me tell you, that was weird-I was going to head right back, andÃ¢â¬ ¦I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what I would have done. I would have stood by you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You could have gotten yourself killed.Ã¢â¬ He shrugged, like that was inconsequential. Ã¢â¬Å"I did actually head back, and thenÃ¢â¬ ¦then I saw Dante.Ã¢â¬ I crossed my arms, still fearful about approaching him, largely because I was afraid IÃ¢â¬â¢d throw myself at him. Ã¢â¬Å"I knew thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what youÃ¢â¬â¢d done. But why? You donÃ¢â¬â¢t like him. You know what kind of person he is.Ã¢â¬ Seth nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like him, butÃ¢â¬ ¦they would have killed him, wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t they?Ã¢â¬ I thought about Jerome, that cold and barely repressed anger in his eyes. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d been pissed off, and I knew it must have killed him to not be able to take his wrath out on Grace. There were taboos about directly harming and interfering with mortals, but well, it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t unheard of, and there were always loopholes. He would have gotten in less trouble for it than for smiting Grace. Ã¢â¬Å"Well,Ã¢â¬ I said, Ã¢â¬Å"letÃ¢â¬â¢s just say, they would have at least made him suffer considerably.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I figured. And I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let that happenÃ¢â¬ ¦not even to him. What he did was wrong-it seriously messed things up for you and put you at risk. But in some bizarre, crazy way, he did it because he loved you. And IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure someone should be tortured for that. AndÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Seth studied me carefully. Ã¢â¬Å"I had a feeling you wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have wanted that.Ã¢â¬ He was right. No matter how much IÃ¢â¬â¢d been hurt, despite the betrayalÃ¢â¬ ¦I had cared about Dante. I still did a little. Ã¢â¬Å"God, I have to stop getting involved with unstable men. Where is he now?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I dropped him off at his place. He started coming around and was able to walk and everything.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If he has any sense, heÃ¢â¬â¢ll be long gone. I think JeromeÃ¢â¬â¢ll have a long memory.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And, soÃ¢â¬ ¦things are back to normal?Ã¢â¬ I took awhile to answer. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah. IÃ¢â¬â¢m back in full succubus glory.Ã¢â¬ He turned away and began pacing. Ã¢â¬Å"I knew it would happenÃ¢â¬ ¦knew this was coming, and yetÃ¢â¬ ¦I kept pretending it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Me too. I think somewhere in my head, I had this fantasy that I could find Jerome and still be with you.Ã¢â¬ Seth stopped and looked at me. Ã¢â¬Å"We still can be. I meant what I saidÃ¢â¬ ¦that I would try againÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I met his gaze levelly. Ã¢â¬Å"What about Maddie?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ ¦I would end it with herÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Do you love her?Ã¢â¬ My words were blunt. I think I caught him by surprise. Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ ¦but itÃ¢â¬â¢s different. Different from the way I love you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"You and I canÃ¢â¬â¢t be together. If you have a chance to be happy, then you need to take it. We canÃ¢â¬â¢t do this to her again. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong. She doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I told you IÃ¢â¬â¢d end things with her first if we were getting back together. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t cheat anymore.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t break up,Ã¢â¬ I said, surprised by the vehemence in my own voice. Ã¢â¬Å"She loves you. You love her. And after what we did to herÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You want me to stay with her as some sort of compensation?Ã¢â¬ I balked. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, noÃ¢â¬ ¦not exactly. But you guys deserve each other. You deserve to be happy. And you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t ever going to be happy with me. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s going to always be up and down-just like before.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m starting to think all relationships are like that,Ã¢â¬ he said wearily. Ã¢â¬Å"I still donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to hurt you. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t stand that-I canÃ¢â¬â¢t forget what Hugh said, about how that would destroy you. And yetÃ¢â¬ ¦something keeps pulling us back. I told you-weÃ¢â¬â¢re never going to be able to stay apart.Ã¢â¬ I knew exactly what he meant, but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say so. Ã¢â¬Å"I thought ending things before would fix all that, that the short-term pain would be worth the long-term stability. But I was wrong. We just found a whole new set of problems, and MaddieÃ¢â¬â¢s in the middle. IÃ¢â¬â¢m willing to try againÃ¢â¬ ¦no matter how hard it is.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You were right to end it with us,Ã¢â¬ I said harshly. Ã¢â¬Å"And IÃ¢â¬â¢m not willing to do it again.Ã¢â¬ He stared at me, shocked. My words were a lie, of course. Part of me wanted to try again, to endure anything to be with him. But I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop thinking about Maddie. CouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop thinking about the hurt she would go through. It was ironic, really. Last time, heÃ¢â¬â¢d gone out of his way to hurt me purposely because it was for the greater good. Now I was doing the same for both of them, saving her from heartache and him from more grief with me. We were in an endless cycle. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that. I know you canÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ His face was a mixture of incredulity and pain. I shook my head. Ã¢â¬Å"I do. You and me are a disaster. What we did during this stasisÃ¢â¬ ¦it was wrong. It was disgraceful. Immoral. We betrayed someone who loves both of us, who wishes nothing but the best for us. How could we do that? What kind of precedent is that? How could we expect to have a solid relationship that was built on that sort of sordid foundation? One that was built on lies and deceit?Ã¢â¬ Saying those words hurt. It was tarnishing the beauty of these precious few days we had, but I needed to make my case. Seth was silent for several moments as he assessed me. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re serious.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes.Ã¢â¬ I was a good liar, good enough that the person who loved me most couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell. Ã¢â¬Å"Go back to her, Seth. Go back to her and make it up to her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"GeorginaÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I could see it, see it hitting him. The full weight of betraying Maddie was sinking in. His nature couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t ignore the wrong heÃ¢â¬â¢d done. It was part of his good character, the character that had gone back to save Dante, the character that was going to make him leave me. Again. Hesitantly, he extended his hand to me. I took it, and he pulled me into an embrace. Ã¢â¬Å"I will always love you.Ã¢â¬ My heart was going to burst. How many times, I wondered, could I endure this kind of agony? Ã¢â¬Å"No, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll move on. So will I.Ã¢â¬ Seth left not long after that. Staring at the door, I replayed my own words. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll move on. So will I. In spite of how much he loved me, how much he was willing to risk, I truly felt heÃ¢â¬â¢d go back to Maddie, that heÃ¢â¬â¢d believe what I said. IÃ¢â¬â¢d driven home the guilt, made it trump his love for me. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll move on. So will I. The unfortunate part about being a good liar, however, was that while I could get other people to believe my words, I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe them myself. How to cite Succubus Heat CHAPTER 26, Essay examples
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Time of Lies: Abstract Iconography in Maus Paper Time of Lies: Abstract iconography in Ã¢â¬Å"MausÃ¢â¬ Art SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic memoirs Ã¢â¬Å"Maus IÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Maus IIÃ¢â¬ present an approachable and sensory biography, a detailed and authentic retelling of a Holocaust survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s experience. The pictorial style of the memoir encourages the reader to visualize the text and more vividly relate to the experiences portrayed in the literature. The graphic and artistic aspects of the text employ devices that are unique to comics, in style and sequence, while drawing the characters as mice, which are visually simple, rather than realistic human representations of the characters. By exploring various levels of detail within the memoirÃ¢â¬â¢s iconography, Spiegelman expresses a story in accessible terms and presents a unique perspective to the story of Vladek Spiegelman. However, the animal representations that are common throughout the memoir are increased in complexity within pages 41-47 of the Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ chapter of Ã¢â¬Å"Maus II. Ã¢â¬ In this first section, Spiegelman applies abstract elements to a metafictional section of the memoir, expressing the complexity of assembling the work and characterizing his process. The abstract elements of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ bring into question SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion of his work, while exploring his identity and perceptions of reality. The tone at the beginning of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ is strained and mournful. Immediately, it is revealed that Vladek passed away in 1982 and Spiegelman presents a scene in which he is working on Ã¢â¬Å"MausÃ¢â¬ series, a technique that falls under the category of metafiction. In the second panel, SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s drawing of himself declares the metafiction by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"I started working on this page at the very end of February 1987Ã¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 41: 2). We will write a custom essay sample on Time of Lies: Abstract Iconography in Maus specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Time of Lies: Abstract Iconography in Maus specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Time of Lies: Abstract Iconography in Maus specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Spiegelman, within the panels, presents a calculative sequence, a series of statistics that presents chronological and biographical information about his personal life, the Holocaust and Ã¢â¬Å"Maus. Ã¢â¬ Also considerable is the fact that this is the only time Art Spiegelman personally addresses the reader; in many ways, Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ is ArtÃ¢â¬â¢s story. The fifth panel of the first page of the section reveals Spiegelman sitting on top of a mass of mouse corpses, wearing a mouse mask. The tone is dark as Spiegelman says, Ã¢â¬Å"In May 1968 my mother killed herself. She left no note. ) Lately IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been feeling depressedÃ¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 41:5). Many aspects of this section are different from the rest of the graphic memoir. Even aspects of medium are different, as Spiegelman write all of the dialogue of pages 41-46 in standard text, rather than the dialogue throughout the rest of the memoir, in which all the letters are capitalized. This suggest s a different level of reality that complements the presence of metafiction. The animal iconography used in VladekÃ¢â¬â¢s recounting of his story is quite simple. For example, all Jews are mice and all Germans are cats within the memoir. By creating iconographical uniforms for certain kinds of people, Spiegelman suggests the universality of the Holocaust story and allows the reader to more easily identify with the characters. In Ã¢â¬Å"Understanding Comics,Ã¢â¬ graphic novelist Scott McCloud says, Ã¢â¬Å"The ability of cartoons to focus our attention on an idea is, I think, an important part of their special power, both in comics and in drawing generally. Another is the universality of cartoon imagery. The more cartoony a face is, for instance, the more people it could be said to describeÃ¢â¬ (McCloud 31: 3-4). This argument is supported by the iconography presented by most of Ã¢â¬Å"Maus. Ã¢â¬ There is virtually no difference between the faces of mice, between cats, between pigs, etc. Therefore, the reader identifies characters by their actions and other appearance. McCloud says, Ã¢â¬Å"Our identities and awareness are invested in many inanimate objects every day. Our clothes, for example, can trigger numerous transformations in the way others see us and in the way we see ourselvesÃ¢â¬ (McCloud 38: 6). This theme is displayed, for example, in ArtieÃ¢â¬â¢s vest and elderly VladekÃ¢â¬â¢s eyeglasses. By presenting iconography that is uniform, Spiegelman takes away the complications of a personal account and literally dehumanizes the characters involved, therefore telling a Holocaust story that is unique. In the first section of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: Auschwitz,Ã¢â¬ Spiegelman introduces iconography that is far more complex than the animal iconography used in other chapters. The use of iconography is at its most abstract even though this is the section of the memoir that involves the exposition of SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s process. Here, Spiegelman presents human characters that wear various animal masks. This abstract aspect of SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayed Ã¢â¬Å"realityÃ¢â¬ suggests that uncertainty of identity is a theme that is important to Spiegelman. McCloud writes, Ã¢â¬Å"When pictures are more abstracted from Ã¢â¬Ëreality,Ã¢â¬â¢ they require greater levels of perception, more like wordsÃ¢â¬ (McCloud 49:3). The struggle of identity that comes with the presence of an author within a work cannot easily be expressed in dialogue alone. In the first section of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: Auschwitz,Ã¢â¬ Spiegelman utilizes abstract iconography to represent the sense of disorientation that is felt by the character. Here, pictures replace words to express SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s emotional motivation, which can best be portrayed visually. However, it is entirely possible that Spiegelman is expressing generalizations in the form of concealed human faces, therefore complementing the uniformity of ethnic groups throughout the memoir. As Art is barraged by questions from the press on page 42 of Ã¢â¬Å"Maus II,Ã¢â¬ he creates a discussion about the interpretation of his work. When asked what the projectÃ¢â¬â¢s message was, Art says, Ã¢â¬Å"I-I never thought of reducing it to a message. I mean, I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t trying to CONVINCE anybody of anything. I just wantedÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 42: 2), further suggesting that the first section of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ is an exposition of SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s artistic process in creating the memoir. Spiegelman is struggling with the complexities of creating his art. McCloud says, Ã¢â¬Å"Personally, I think we all have something to say to the world. The real question is, Ã¢â¬Ëwill anyone listen? Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (McCloud 178: 4). This statement can be applied to Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: AuschwitzÃ¢â¬ in that Art struggles with the fear of how his work will be perceived by others. As Art receives more pressuring questions from the reporters, he begins to shrink, eventually to the size of a child. Art declares the metaphor by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"theyÃ¢â¬â¢re gone. Sometimes I just donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel like a functioning adultÃ¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 43:1). Art, in child form, walks through the streets filled with surreal concentration camp victims to see his shrink. The corpses work as icons to represent the nameless guilt that is affecting Art. During the session with his psychologist, Art remains in child-sized form as he explores the struggles of trying to visualize and occupy the experience of a person in Auschwitz. When Pavel mentions the book, Art says, Ã¢â¬Å"My book? Hah! What book Some part of me doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to draw or think about Auschwitz. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t visualize it clearly, and I canÃ¢â¬â¢t BEGIN to imagine what it felt likeÃ¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 46:1). Perhaps Spiegelman uses iconography as a solution to this problem. By making the visual elements of the story and the characters less detailed, Spiegelman takes an objective approach to the haunting experience. As Art walks home from his appointment with Pavel, he begins to brainstorm his project again, no longer distracted by his guilt and the memories of his father. Art says, Ã¢â¬Å"Gee. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand whyÃ¢â¬ ¦but these sessions with Pavel somehow make me feel betterÃ¢â¬ ¦Maybe I could show the tin shop and now draw the drill press. I hate to draw machineryÃ¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 46: 8-10). Here, the moment-to-moment closure displays ArtÃ¢â¬â¢s slow increase in size. Spiegelman suggests that Art can be himself when he is successfully concentrating on his book. Then, on the next page, Art shrinks immediately upon hearing his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s voice on the tape recorder, suggesting that it is the memory of his father that causes him to feel small. McCloud writes, Ã¢â¬Å"In the eighties and nineties, most of the counterculture of independent creators, working mostly in black and white, stayed to the right of mainstream comics art while covering a broad range of writing stylesÃ¢â¬ (McCloud 56: 1). This statement can be applied to most of the Ã¢â¬Å"MausÃ¢â¬ series. SpiegelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic memoir utilizes iconography that is simple in appearance yet complicated in interpretation. In the first section of Ã¢â¬Å"Time Flies: Auschwitz,Ã¢â¬ however, Spiegelman incorporates complex iconography that suggests themes of identity and guilt, process and focus. The tone of this section is dark and evokes a sense of disorientation that is expressed through pictures as well as dialogue. Spiegelman seems to be posing a question, not only about the implications of his book, but the implications of his own memories of his father, and how the reader can relate to these elements. While wearing a mask of identity, Art gives an acceptable answer, Ã¢â¬Å"Who am I to say? Ã¢â¬ (Spiegelman II, 42: 3).
Posted by Gemma Steen at 7:32 AM